Light and the Spiritual: Light, Nature, and Scientific Painting


A similar beam of light, from the same angle, left to right, hits the middle of the waterfall in Church's Heart of the Andes.

This beam of light, like the cross on the left bank of the river, adds a religious dimension to an otherwise secular and scientific painting.

Frederic Edwin Church, The Heart of the Andes, 1859, Metropolitan Museum of Art