Love of the Physical World: Castellated Rocks
Because Europeans considered castles and ruins to be humanizing elements of landscapes, they were particularly fascinated with rocks that looked like castles or ruins - castellated rocks.
The focus on castellated rocks grew in places where European standards of picturesque beauty were otherwise lacking.
This focus is similar to the fixation of people today visiting caves who try to find formations that look like common manufactured objects, animals, and clothing.
Karl Bodmer, Remarkable Hills on Upper Missouri, 1830s, Joslyn Art Museum, Omaha