Landscape Painting in Europe: Claude Lorrain and Picturesque Beauty
The second painter was Claude Lorrain. His style was also copied as a formula but as the opposite of Rosa's style. His paintings were picturesque, not sublime. The castles and ruins were of special importance. They humanized the landscapes, making them more worthy of aesthetic appreciation.
Claude's painting became associated with picturesque travel. While traveling, people noticed real landscapes that reminded them of Claude paintings - landscapes that were "picturesuely beautiful," pretty enough to be Claude paintings.
To help with the identification people used Claude glasses, mirrors stained the golden brown color of Claude's varnish, and complete with picture frames.
Claude Lorrain, Landscape with Merchants, c. 1635, National Museum of Art, Washington, D.C.